The Hunter Family
William Adam Hunter (born June 17, 1845, son of William Hunter & Margaret Kerr) married Margaret Elizabeth Copland (born April 18, 1849) on Dec 22, 1870, in Kirkgunzeon, Kircudbrightshire, Scotland. They had seven children: Mary Kerr Hunter (b. Sept 17, 1871, in Hamilton, Ontario, d. 1956); Barbara Elizabeth Hunter (born April 19, 1874, in Cayuga, Ontario, d. Sept 19, 1951); Margaret Isabella Hunter (b. May 27, 1877, in Cayuga, Ontario, d. Nov 7, 1931); Janet Nicholas Hunter (b. Aug 31, 1880, in Cayuga, d. Aug 7, 1962); Ellen Agnes Copland Hunter (b. Aug 9, 1882, in Cayuga, Ontario, d. Aug 7, 1960); and twins James Copland Hunter and William Adam Hunter (b. June 27, 1887, in Camp Hill Farm north of Saskatoon). William Adam Hunter, Jr. drowned in the North Saskatchewan River on Aug 12, 1906, and James Copland Hunter died on April 5, 1979, in Saskatoon).
Hunter & Burpee James Anderson |
Hunter & Frederick Foster | Janet Nicholas Hunter &
Herbert William Collins
William Hunter worked as a "car examiner" for the Great Western Railway.
The Great Western Railway was a historic Canadian railway that
operated in Canada West and later the province of Ontario,
following Confederation. Entrepreneur Samuel Zimmerman was
instrumental in promoting its construction and Roswell Gardinier
Benedict, a friend of Zimmerman's was the assistant chief
engineer and later the chief engineer.
The Great Western Railway was a historic Canadian railway that operated in Canada West and later the province of Ontario, following Confederation. Entrepreneur Samuel Zimmerman was instrumental in promoting its construction and Roswell Gardinier Benedict, a friend of Zimmerman's was the assistant chief engineer and later the chief engineer.This system stretched 1,371 kilometres (852 mi), running from Niagara Falls to Toronto and connecting lines to London, Windsor and communities in the Bruce Peninsula. Having begun operations in 1853, the company was purchased in August 1882 by the Grand Trunk Railway system and fully merged by 1884. The main Niagara Falls-Windsor line is now the Canadian National Railway's Grimsby Subdivision, Dundas Subdivision, Chatham Subdivision, and CASO Subdivision. The Toronto branch is the Oakville Subdivision, and the Sarnia branch is the Strathroy Subdivision (which also includes a short piece of the main line, from London to Komoka). - Wikipedia
A year later (after their marriage) they emigrated to Canada, settling first in Cayuga, Ontario. In 1883 Margaret's brother, Thomas Copland, encouraged them to move west with the Saskatoon Temperance Colonization Society and they built a home at Llewellyn. Margaret and William had 7 children; their two oldest daughters, Mary Kerr Hunter and Barbara Elizabeth Hunter, married brothers from the Anderson family – Burpee James Anderson and Newton Joseph Anderson, respectively. Margaret's brother, Thomas Copland, was one of the first settlers in Saskatoon, and was trained as a chemist and druggist. The University of Saskatchewan is located on his original homestead. - http://umanitoba.ca/libraries/archives/prairie_immigration/copland_hunter_anderson.shtml
The Saskatoon Temperance Colonization Society
The first incident of this trip was camping for three days in a snowstorm a splendid introduction to pioneer life. Then came a huge mistake in the road by the assistant commissioner, in which he took the outfit down into the valley of Big Arm Creek, which they tried to cross, but had to return to high land. Trials in plenty followed, and the elbow of the South Branch of the Saskatchewan River was reached after some four days. Here the assistant commissioner was "treed" again by the band because he "didn't know where he was going, or the road he was travelling." They threatened to drown him in the river so he skipped out, riding seventy-five miles on horseback to Moose Jaw. They, however, came on courageously to their destination, and reached here in due time to meet the settlers of 1882, Messrs. Hamilton and Eby, already on the ground. Then followed Messrs, Clark and Sons, of whom Prank is still in the vicinity. They reached here and celebrated the 24th of May' as a holiday. Close by also were Mr. and Mrs, Copland and Mr. and Mrs. W. Hunter, each tasting for the first time but not the last, the trying experiences of pioneer life; and, indeed many experiences, the result of blunders by the Company adding much to the difficulties of locations, etc., which were difficult enough at best.
One incident of this year was a visit to the colony in the autumn, which no doubt will be remembered by many who witnessed it. Some sixty Indians came down at a gallop on the village, with the object of causing dismay and fear, and then demanded food. For a short time the prospects were alarming, but all turned out right. One lady was scared, and after giving them all she had to eat, ran off and left them to devour it; but Mrs. Copland, like the brave woman she is, successfully stood off the whole band though her husband was away in the hay field. During all the time up to this year the intercourse between the colony and the White Cap Indians was pleasant and agreeable; and so also with the half-breed population both north and south. There was little indication of the unrest which so soon after developed into the well-known rebellion of the ensuing year.
From Saskatoon was sent the first word to Toronto announcing the arrival of Louis Riel on Canadian soil on this occasion, July 2nd, 1884, and his development as leader on the opening of the disturbance was well known.
True to the expectations of the Saskatoon people, the agitation extended to the White Cap Indians (1) under the influence of the Half-Breeds settled near the reserve, and as a result the entire population struck camp to join the rebellion at Batoche. On their way they had to pass Saskatoon, where preparations had been made to receive them either as friends or foes, as the case might he. The settlers had mostly been sworn in to defend the women and children, and had elected E. S. Andrews as captain of their home guard. They had also taken the precaution to let the Half-Breeds and Indians know that they were prepared for the emergency. We believe Chief Whitecap did not wish to leave the reserve, and join the rebellion, but the hot-headed warriors, influenced by a few Half-Breeds and emissaries from Riel, were disposed to be hostile, and the result was that the whole tribe appeared in sight of the village one fine morning. Our scouts had been watching them, and we knew of their coming. We suspected, too, (what we found afterwards to be true) that they had Riel's instructions to wipe Saskatoon out on their way north. They could not get round the village for the deep snow, and after trying in vain to do so, they came on and were stopped in the heart of the village for a conference. Mr. Hamilton was chosen as the representative of Saskatoon people, but could not take the job, and Mr. Copland had to step into the breach as the alternative choice. An attempt was made by friendly advice and warning of danger to get the Indians to go back to their reserve, but without result, and the whole party moved on, leaving Saskatoon unscathed. and still watching them so as to keep telegraphic communication.
1. These were Sioux, by repute the fiercest of the tribes of the Prairies. They bad taken part in the defeat and slaughter of the Custer column in 1876, by Sitting Bull. They took refuge In Canada, but did not return with the rest. They were given a Reserve at Moose Woods, with White Cap for chief.
The quick following events of the next few weeks culminated, upon the arrival of troops from the east, in the well-known battle of Fish Creek, the result of which was to again bring Saskatoon into the foreground as an important point. The necessity for hospital accommodation was immediately filled by the people placing all their resources in houses and stores, and the best help they possessed, at the disposal of the authorities. It was accepted, and for three months the village was one active scene of military life, and for the time it might be said that all attempts at settlement or agriculture were abandoned.
Through this opening of the houses to the wounded, diphtheria (for which there was no remedy known at that time) was brought to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Copland, who were thus bereft of their daughter, Jessie.
The Narrative of Mr.
In July we found that
Geo. Garrison had come down for supplies and
arranged with him to take us on his return trip.
Early one mormog Wm. Horne and myself boarded the
Garrison waggon and started on the trip. Another
settler, Wm. Hunter, down with a yoke of oxen, was
also returning with his load. The second day out
Hunter took sick. Garrison made him as comfortable
as possible on top of his load, and I volunteered to
drive the oxen. I did not understand these animals,
and they did not understand me. Whenever they came
to a particularly bad spot they seemed to delight in
going their own way through it. My cries of gee had
no effect. When they got to deep enough water to
suit them which was about up to their stomachs, they
would stop and nothing I could do would induce them
to move; the cool water on their stomachs was so
pleasant and the plagues of flies would not reach
what was in the water, so they were content. I
would have to get off, wade through the water and
tramp a few miles ahead to where Garrison and the
others were camped for a meal. Garrison would then
come back with the horses and pull us out of the
slough. Everything was novelty, and incidents like
this served to break the monotony. Saskatoon was
safely reached early one morning in August, Hunter
slightly better, and myself a failure as a driver of
Agnes Hunter (William Adam Hunter's aunt) died on Sept 23, 1884, in Kirkton, Kirkmahoe, Dumfriesshire, at the age of 85.
Mary Kerr Hunter married Burpee James Anderson (son of Thomas Edward Anderson and Elizabeth Sarah) on Oct 25, 1892. The had at least ten children: Renwick William Hunter (born June 11, 1893); Thomas Edward (born Dec 10, 1894); Newton Burpee (born Dec 24, 1896); Roy Warden (born March 21, 1899); Janet Elizabeth (born Dec 5, 1901): James Alexander (born Aug 3, 1904); Margaret Ellen (born Feb 2, 1907); Mary Augusta (born Nov 15, 1909); Wilhelmina Marjorie (born Jan 25, 1913); and Laura Clara (born Sept 28, 1916). - from Twig Tree And Treasure A Genealogical Soujourn on rootsweb.ancestry.com & eHealth Saskatchewan, Government of Saskatchewan
Thomas Edward Anderson & Dorothy
Gertrude Alice Wright | Roy Warden Anderson & Dorothy Elizabeth Edwards
Census of Canada - Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
"Wiley" is Ellen Agnes
William Adam Hunter died on Sept 12, 1894, at the age of 49, and is buried in the Llewellyn Cemetery north of Saskatoon.
William Hunter (William Adam Hunter's father) died on Aug 11, 1895, in Dunscore, Dumfriesshire, at the age of 90.
Margaret Isabella Hunter married Frederick Foster on Oct 4, 1899, at the Llewellyn Farm north of Saskatoon. They had nine children: John William (born Aug 10, 1901); Ralph Hunter (born March 7, 1904, died 1991); Sydney Hamilton (1906-2001); Abram (born Nov 25, 1907); Ann Emily (1909-1996); Robert Frederick (1911-2001); Russell Norman (1913-2010); George Stephen (1918-2-10); and Oscar Frank (1921-1943). - from Hunter Tree, ancestry.com and eHealth Saskatchewan, Government of Saskatchewan
Ralph Hunter Foster & Jean
Ellen Hunter | Ann Emily Foster & Henry Donald Pryor | Robert
Frederick Foster & Pearl Katherine Sitch
Census of Canada - Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
William Adam Hunter, Jr. drowned in the North Saskatchewan River on Aug 12, 1906
The Great War, 1914-1918
William Hunter Anderson
James Copland Hunter married Mary Sarah Murray (daughter of William Murray and Louisa Stuart) on June 27, 1917, in Sutherland Presbyterian Church, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Children of James Hunter and Mary Murray are:
i. William Murray Hunter, born 23 September 1919; married (1) Phyllis Strickland 14 March 1952 in Yorkton, Saskatchewan, Canada; born 14 March 1932; died September 1967; married (2) Constance Elizabeth Bocking 5 March 1977 in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada; born 19 October 1928; died 30 November 2006 in St. Paul's Hospital, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
ii. Ruth Louisa Margaret Hunter, born 18 May 1922 in farm North of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada; married James Alexander Ewen 27 June 1946 in Third Avenue United Church, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
iii. Eric James Stuart Hunter, born 17 October 1927; married Irene Parr 5 July 1952 in Ontario, Canada; born 1 December 1932
- from Daelick-Ewen Family Tree on ancestry.com
Canada's Hundred Days
Canada’s Hundred Days was a series of attacks made along the Western Front by the Canadian Corps during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. Reference to this period as Canada's Hundred Days is due to the substantial role the Canadian Corps of the British First Army played in causing the retreat of the German Army in a series of major battles from Amiens to Mons which along with other Allied offensives ultimately led to Germany's final defeat and surrender. Though generally referred to as the 'Hundred Days' in the English-speaking world outside of Canada, the period is more frequently recognized in Belgium and France - particularly in the areas in which the Canadians fought - as "les cent jours du Canada." During this time, the Canadian Corps fought at Amiens, Arras, the Hindenburg Line, the Canal du Nord, Bourlon Wood, Cambrai, Denain, Valenciennes and finally at Mons, on the final day of the First World War.- from Canada's Last Hundred Days in the First World War, Canada at War
Canal du Nord — The last major operation of the 10th Battalion, part of the Battle of Cambrai. The Fighting 10th mounted a crossing of this obstacle on 27–28 September 1918, suffering heavy losses.- From Wikipedia
Next up was the Canal du Nord, which formed part of the main Hindenburg Line. The partially-completed canal's earthworks made it a tough position to attack, but Canadian Corps commander Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Currie came up with a daring plan. His men, along with a British division, would cross a 2,500 metre-wide dry section of the canal. However, this was a bottleneck that could cause Allied troops and equipment to bunch up and become easy targets. To cover the advance, Currie unleashed the heaviest single-day bombardment of the entire war and the September 27 attack was a stunning success. The Canadians broke through three lines of German defence and pressed on to capture Bourlon Wood. Combined with other successes along the British front, the Hindenburg Line was now breached... The German army may have been retreating but that did not mean they stopped resisting. After further heavy fighting, Canadians helped capture the town of Cambrai and by October 11 the Corps had reached the Canal de la Sensée. This was the last action taken by the Corps as a whole but the individual Canadian divisions continued to fight, overcoming stiff German resistance and helping capture Mont Houy and Valenciennes by the beginning of November.- from Canada's Last Hundred Days in the First World War, Canada at War
Killed in Action
Lieutenant Renwick William Hunter Anderson (son of Mary Kerr Hunter and Burpee James Anderson) was killed in France on Sept 27, 1918, and is buried in the Haynecourt British Cemetery in France. See Soldiers of the First World War
Narrative of Operations, 10th Canadian Infantry Battalion, from Sept 27, 1918 to October 3, 1918
These are they
who went forth from this University
These are they
who went forth from this University
Census of Canada - Aberdeen, Sashatchewan
Mary Sarah Murray (daughter of William Murray and Louisa Stuart and wife of James Copland Hunter) died on May 21, 1934, and us buried in the Llewellyn Cemetery.
Margaret Elizabeth Copland died on Feb 18, 1940, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, at the age of 90.
James Copland Hunter married Edith Gertrude Barragher on April 27, 1957. - from Daelick-Ewen Family Tree on ancestry.com
Edith Gertrude Barager is daughter of Mahlon Barager, brother of Richard Gordon Barager my great great grandfather. Gertrude is buried in the Warman cemetery. - Elaine Pain
James Copland Hunter died on April 5, 1979, and is buried in the Llewellyn Cemetery.