The McCowan Family
An historical and photographic perspective

Donald McCowan & Mary McCallum | Hugh McCowan & Margaret McInnes | John McCowan & Catharine McCormick
Hugh McCowan & Ciliscia "Selina" Blythe | John McCowan & Janet Scobie | Hugh McCowan & Agnes Fairley
Catherine McCowan & James Herbert Duncan

Index of Official Parish Registries and Statutory Registries for Births, Marriages and Deaths

Nether Lorn

Map of Nether Lorn showing Barindruman, Kilninver, Loch Seil, Duachy and Kilchoan (of Nether Lorn)
Map of Nether Lorn showing Barindruman, Kilninver, Loch Seil, Duachy and Kilchoan (of Nether Lorn)
George Langlands, This map of Argyllshire, 1801

Frank Adams, in his Clans, Septs, and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands, describes the MacCowan sept of Clan MacDougall as: "Cowans were numerous in Kilchoan, Nether Lorn. A family of Cowans or MacCowans followed MacDougall of Reyran, from whom they held lands about Loch Seil." Loch Seil is a small inland loch lying to the south of Kilninver. The only village now near Loch Seil is Duachy. Nancy Black tells me that her family were in Duachy and the various clachans thereabouts for at least a century.  - from McCowns in Lorn

VIII – Iain of Dunollie (1375 – d. circa 1400) : Eighth Chief of the clan and the son of Allan, who was the son of our Sixth Chief, Duncan of Dunollie. Dunollie castle was his main seat and the clan duthus. Iain of Dunollie married Christina the daughter of Sir Dougald Campbell of Craignish. He lived with Christina for twenty years and had one son named Dougall. Christina later married the Alexander the second Chief of the MacNaughtens and still later Ivor Campbell. Traditions say that Iain of Dunollie, the 8th Chief, had a second son Allan who founded the MacDougalls of Raera (Raray) and Ardmaddy, However before then there appears to have been an earlier line of MacDougall of Raray as told in the story of the Battle of Allt Dreacy in Netherlorn in 1294 or 1296. Raera was the senior cadet family of the MacDougalls of Lorn. There is a story, but it may be incorrect, that the 8th Chief’s second son Allan of Reyran (Raera or Raray) himself had a son in Kilninver parish called Comham (Gobhainn) Mor (the big blacksmith) from whom descended some of the McCowan families (MacComhain) of Netherlorn. Iain of Dunollie died around 1400. - from Chiefs of Clan MacDougall in Argyll

 

Hugh McCowan

Hugh McCowan, Tenant at Lagganmore, and his wife may have had at least six children: Dugald (born about 1732); John (born about 1733); Fercher (born about 1735); Duncan (born about 1736); Allan (born about 1741); and Alexander (born about 1746). - from various Ancestry.com trees

Dugald McCowan & Katherine McDiarmid | Allan McCowan & Catherine McCorquodale
Alexander McCowan & Florence "Flora" McCorquodale

Archibald McCowan (grandson of Hugh McCoan) was bapt. 19 Jan. 1789, at Duachai, Kilninver, Argyll, Scotland. He married Margaret McDougall (1791-1873) in about 1809. By 1843, they immigrated to Canada and settled in Huron County, Ontario. Archibald died between 1861-1871. - from The McCoan family of Netherlorn, Kilninver, Argyll, Scotland and relating families, c.1710-c.1871, descendants of Hugh McCoan: The McCowan family of Stanley Twsp., Huron Co., Ontario, Canada and Australia & relating families, 1789-1995, descendants of Archibald McCowan, Margaret McDougall by Laura (Honeyman) Benoit

Alexander McCowan & Florence McCorquodale

Map showing Barindruman, Kilninver, Duachy and Blarie, Argyllshire c 1801
Map showing Kilninver, Barrichreile (Barochreal) and Lagganmore, Kilninver, Nether Lorn, Argyllshire c 1801

Alexander McCowan son to Hugh McCowan Tennant in Laggonmore and Florence McCorquodale
Alexander McCowan son to Hugh McCowan Tennant in Laggonmore and Florence McCorquodale
Daughter to JohnMcCorquodale Schoolmaster in Barrichreile...
See original document

Alexander McCowan and Flora (or Florence) McCorquodale were married Jan 10, 1771. They had at least thirteen children:  Mary (born Nov 18, 1771); Catharin (born Oct 13, 1773); Isabel (born Jan 17, 1776); Hugh (born April 2, 1778);  Florence (born May 9, 1779); Ann (born June 12, 1781); Lachlan (born May 14, 1783); John (born Nov 28, 1784); Hugh (born Feb 5, 1787); Margaret (born March 24, 1789); Alexander and Jean (twins born June 16, 1791); and Lachlan (born Nov 14, 1793). - Scotland's People

Florence McCowan & John Livingstone | Ann McCowan & Neil Sinclair | John McCowan & Annie Clark | Hugh McCowan & Isabella Graham

See Isabella McCowan (1816-1910) daughter of John McCowan and Annie Clarke, granddaughter of Alexander McCowan and Florence Mccorquodale

 

McCowan & McCorquodale in Duachy

There was an Allan McCoan (tenant in Duachy, born about 1741) who married Katherine McCorquodale (daughter of John McCorquodale, schoolmaster in Barrichreile) on Sept 4, 1766. - Scotland's People

Here lie the remains of Allan McCowan, late Tenant of Duachy 1822 and his spouse Catherine McCorquodale. - from Memorial Inscriptions from Kilninver Old Cemetery

John MCCORQUODALE & Isabel MCKENZIE are my 5th g-grandparents. It is the farthest back I have identified the line. Their daughter, my 4th g-grandmother, Florence (1750- ), married Alexander MCCOWAN (1746- ). Their son Hugh MCCOWAN was father of Catherine who married Duncan MUNRO. MUNRO is my paternal line. So my connection to MCCORQUODALES is through the females and pretty far back. Eventually my MUNRO family came from Scotland to Canada to MI. I don't know if any of these MCCORQUODALES eventually came to Canada or not. John MCCORQUODALE was schoolmaster in a variety of locations - Kilmodan Parish, Kilbrandon & Kilchattan Parish, & Kilninver & Kilmelford Parish - through the latter half of the 18th cent. These are all in Argyll in the vicinity of Oban. A son John (1760- ) apparently followed him as schoolmaster. - from Donna Lou Ritter, Genealogy.com, May 27, 2002

Florence McCorquodale (daughter of John McCorquodale, schoolmaster in Barrichreile) married Alexander McCowan (son to Hugh McCowan tenant in Lagganmore) on Jan 10, 1771. - Scotland's People

Isabella McCowan (1816-1910) daughter of John McCowan and Annie Clarke, granddaughter of Alexander McCowan and Florence Mccorquodale:

As I was researching Isabella McCowan's family I was very surprised to discover that there was a separate McCorquodale branch of the family dating back to about 1747. John McCorquodale, was a school teacher in Kilninver, Argyle and married to Isabella McKenzie. In 1771 their daughter, Florence, married Alexander McCowan. Alex and Florence had fourteen children and it was their ninth child, John, who in 1816, married a young woman, Annie Clarke. John and Annie's daughter, Isabella, married Duncan McColl (1813-1876) on June 21, 1841 in Renfrew, Scotland. Shortly after their marriage Duncan and Isabella emigrated to the Glanworth, Ontario area travelling by team and wagon from Port Stanley, Ontario to their homestead.

- From Isabella McCowan (1816-1910) daughter of John McCowan and Annie Clarke, granddaughter of Alexander McCowan and Florence Mccorquodale

John McCorquodale (Jr.?) was schoolmaster at Duachy in 1786 when Hugh McCowan and Margaret McInnes were married.

There was a John McCowan (unknown relationship) "son to Dugald McCowan tenant in Duachai" who married Ann Livingston in Kilninver on Dec 22, 1788. They had at least seven children all born in Duchai: Elizabeth (born Sept 30, 1789); Bett and Janet (twins born June 27, 1797); Ronald (born June 17, 1799); Catherine (born Aug 9, 1801); John (born Aug 26,1804); and Isabella (born May 22, 1807). - from Clan Livingstone Birth's in the Parishes of Kilninver & Kimelfort 1759-1852

 

Donald McCowan &

Mary McCallum
Born: About 1735 Born: About 1735
Place: Place:
Married: Before 1758
Place: Kilninver, Argyllshire, Scotland
Died: Died:
Place: Place:
Buried: Buried:

Hugh McCowan & Margaret McInnes

Donald McCoan and Mary McCallum were married before 1758 and probably in Kilninver, Argyll. They had at least two children: twins Hugh and John born Dec 4, 1759.

Please note that the Old Parochial Registers for Kilninver only began in 1758.

Children Born Place Died Place
HUGH Dec 4, 1759 Barindroman, Kilninver, Argyllshire After 1841 Kilninver
John Dec 4, 1759 Barindroman, Kilninver, Argyllshire    


December 4th, Donald McCoan Tennant in Barindromain and Mary McCallum his Spouse
had twin sons Baptized and called the first Hugh, second John
See
original document

Barndromin Photo 2009

King Alpin's Cairn

Map showing Barindroman and Kilninver, William Roy, Military Survey of Scotland, 1747-1755
Map showing Barindroman and Kilninver, William Roy, Military Survey of Scotland, 1747-1755

"About a mile from Kilninver on the shores of Loch Feochan, quite close to the public road, there is a natural pier of rock, where vessels discharge cargoes of coal and other material for the use of the farmers of the glens: the rock is known as Creag na Marbh (the Rock of the Dead). Fifty yards from the shore the remains of what must have been a huge heap of stones, known as Carn Alpin, still withstand the tides and waves. Alpin was a great warrior King of the Scots, and father of Kenneth, the reputed conqueror of the Picts and the founder of the undivided Scottish monarchy. The district round about Kilninver appears to have been the scene of much of the strife betwixt the rival houses of Fergus and Loarn for the overlordship of Dalriada; thus we hear of the fight at Rossfoichne (congressio Irroisfoichne), the promontory of Feochan, between those tribes, and again of the battle of Finaglen (A.D. 719) at the head of Glen Euchar, between Ainbhceallaig and Sealbach, two brothers of the house of Loarn, for the chiefship of the race, in which the former was slain. The battle is remembered as Cath Fhionnaghleann or Blar nam Braithrean (the Battle of the Brothers)." - from Netherlorn, Argyllshire and its Neighbourhood, Patrick H. Gillies, 1909

 


Monumental Inscriptions - Kilninver Old Cemetery

Here Lys the Corpse of Duncan McCowan
Died April 9, 1780
By Hugh McCowan, Tacksman, Blaran

 

 

Hugh McCowan &

Margaret McInnes
Born: Dec 4, 1759 Born: Oct 22, 1767
Place: Barindroman, Kilninver, Argyllshire Place: Duachy, Kilninver, Argyllshire
Married: Jan 26, 1786
Place: Kilninver, Argyll
Died: 1841-1857 Died: Aug 13, 1859
Place: Kilninver? Place: Kilninver
Buried: Kilninver? Buried: Kilninver Churchyard

John McCowan & Catharine McCormick | Donald McCowan & Cicilia McIntyre

Margaret McInnes' parents were Duncan McInnes and Mary Cameron. In the 1797-98 Farm Horse Tax there is a Duncan McInnes in Duachy with one horse. There is also a Dugald MacCoan (who could be a brother of Hugh and John.)

1797-98 Farm Horse Tax showing Duncan McInnes, Duachy, Kilninver, with one horse.
1797-98 Farm Horse Tax showing Duncan McInnes, Duachy, Kilninver, with one horse.

Children Born Place Died Place
John Dec 10, 1786 Duachy, Kilninver, Argyll Before 1808 Kilninver, Argyllshire
Mary Jan 1, 1788 Duachy, Kilninver, Argyll    
Janet Dec 31, 1789 Duachy, Kilninver, Argyll    
Dugald Aug 8, 1803 Blaran, Kilninver, Argyll Nov, 1825* Kilninver, Argyllshire
JOHN Oct 10, 1808 Blaran, Kilninver, Argyll  Jan 4, 1889 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
Donald Sept 26, 1811 Blaran, Kilninver, Argyll Nov 11, 1857 Kilninver, Argyllshire

* From findagrave

"Given that the farm is called Duachy which means the meeting place it seems highly probable that the site with the chair is the Duachy. It is likely to have been used by the Druids who used the stones to determine the summer solstice." - from The Druid's Seat

"The Mainland portion of the parish of Kilbrandon, consisting of a quadrangular area of land stretching from Clachan Sound to Loch Melfort, comprises the lands of Degnish, Kilchoan, Barnayarrie, and Ardmaddie; but there is evidence to show that at one time it included the lands of Barnacarrie, Duachy, and others lying south of the outlet of Loch Feochan, which now form part of the parish of Kilninver. Thus, on a hill overlooking Clachan Sound, known as Suidhe Bhreanain (the seat of St Brendan), there are the remains of a churchyard called Claodh Bhreanain (the burial-ground of Brendan). In the Aberdeen Breviary it is related that "Saint Brandon having sailed to the west coast of Scotland, fixed his residence on the top of a hill, whose base stretched into the sea, on the spot known as Sedes Brandani, where only one ship could enter." This description may well apply to Suidhe Bhreanain, and the narrow channel which at this place separates the parishes of Kilbrandon and Kilninver...

The story of the wanderings of Brendan, as told in the poem of the Pilgrimage of' St Brendan, is often called the Christian Odyssey. For seven years he sailed over strange seas and visited the savage lands of Western Alban in quest of "the land of promise of the Saints," and during his dreary pilgrimage he repeatedly visited the Land of Lorn, where his memory is still green in the hearts and lore of the people...

The worship of stones, fountains, trees and other natural objects, and the mysterious beings which these represented, is as old as mankind itself; and it was this worship and the influence of its ministers--the Magi or Druaidh--which the early missionaries had to combat and subvert. Appropriately enough, at the foot of Suidhe Bhreanain, crowning a low gravel mound on the shores of a little lake known as the Dubh-loch, are the remains of a megalithic circle - vestiges of that ancient cult. Only four of the upright monoliths remain, but the general arrangement may be traced; and we may believe that here in this sequestered spot was the principal idol of the Pagan inhabitants, "the Cromcruach and twelve idols of stone around it, and he was God of all the people until the coming of Brendan."

Each monolith is a roughly hexagonal block of basalt, many tons in weight, standing nine feet or more above the surface of the ground; and we cannot but wonder at the mechanical genius and perseverance which the men of that far-off neolithic age must have possessed to wedge the columns from their bed in the trap-dyke, to transport them long distances, and ultimately, by lever, inclined plane and the power of co-operation, to erect them as enduring monuments of their worship and beliefs.

About a quarter of a mile to the east of the circle, in a bleak, bare glen, is a large sheet of fresh water known as Loch Seil, in the middle of which is still to be seen the foundation of a lake dwelling, rectilinear, and built of square blocks of stone; while to the north tower the basaltic cliff's of Duachy and Ardnahua, crowned by the fantastic Losgann Lathurnach and the remains of a, prehistoric fortress. Viewed from the sea, the rock upon which the ruins stand, 600 feet above sea-level, resembles a bastioned fort. It is precipitous on three sides, the scarp being about 60 feet high. The landward side was defended by a wall 250 feet long, drawn across the top of an abrupt slope."

- from Netherlorn, Argyllshire and its Neighbourhood, Patrick H. Gillies, 1909
See also St Brendan’s Seat and the Standing Stones of Duachy

RCAHMS Site Record for Duachy

Map showing Barindruman, Kilninver, Duachy and Blarie, Argyllshire c 1801
Map showing Barindruman, Kilninver, Loch Seil, Duachy and Blarie, Argyllshire c 1801

 

1808 ..........

Letter to Lord Breadalbane

 

Letter to Lord Breadalbane, London 1808

Unto the Right Honble the Earl of Breadalbane

The Petition of the tenants of Duachie and Barnayarry, Netherlorn most humbly showeth. That the Petitioners' forefathers have been tenants of the Breadalbane Estate for many generations past under whom they might be said to enjoy life and the comforts thereof which formed a kind of attachment in their descendents no......... Out, which attachment, together with .... For their poor families and not the prospect of their being able to pay the rents (notwithstanding any change of times that might happen ) that induced them to come under the terms of the New Lease.

That the Petrs are far from being ambitious of becoming rich at your Lordships' expence - all they want is to be situated as to be able to pay Your Lordships Rent, and rear their families. Which they cannot do by any means under the present Load of Rents.

That the Petrs tried every effort that Economy and Industry could suggest. That they even deprived themselves and familys of a good many of the real necessarys of life for the payment of the rents, but all to no purpose. They find it impracticable to be out of arrears of rent which insensibility has so impaired that little stock that no......

May it therefore please your Lordship to Consider the Petiyioners present distressed case and grant such a deduction of their rent as may to your Lordship seem necessary to enable them to pay their rents and rear their families which is all they want as they are willing to come under any rent that any judicious Valuator Acquainted with this soil and climate may impose. To continue under their present burden is only reducing themselves by degrees to a state of beggary and at length depriving your Lordship of part of your dues by arrears, which they flatter themselves is far from being pleasing to Your Lordship .

Therefore, flattering themselves with a compliance to their request, they shall ever pray.

Signed

DUACHY Dugald McCowan John McCowan Alexander McCowan
ARDSHELLACH - Lower part of Barnyarrie - Dugald Campbell, Duncan Campbell X his mark

Dugald, John and Alexander McCowan are possibly Hugh's brothers or cousins. Hugh's father, Donald McCowan had also written a letter to the Lord of Breadalbane on Dec 20, 1801. The nature of the letters indicate that the McCowans had been tenants on these Kilninver lands for generations.

"The Marquis of Breadalbane, second only to the Duke of Argyll in Campbell power, ruled a vast estate stretching from Loch Etive on the Atlantic shore to Aberfeldy in the heart of Perthshire, and covering nearly 500,000 acres. During the 19th Century no one family was more brutal or more effective in clearing the population from their lands than the Breadalbanes, not even the Sutherlands. By Queen Victoria's visit in the 1840s they had become the richest family in Britain, and holders of the largest feudal, inherited estate in the United Kingdom." - from The Sons of Diarmaid by Dave McNicoll

 

1838 ..........

Donald McCowan & Cicilia McIntyre

Donald McCowan married Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre on Dec 20, 1838, in Kilninver & Kilmelfort. They had at least nine children: Duncan (born June 2, 1839); Mary (born Jan 2, 1841, died March 24, 1866); Hugh (born Sept 2, 1842); Dugald (born May 7, 1844); Donald (born Jan 17, 1847); John (born Aug 22, 1849); Peter (born July 21, 1851); Alexander (born March 1, 1853); and Archibald (Dec 21, 1854). - births from Scotland's People, death from Findagrave

 

1841 ..........

1841 Scotland Census - Kilninver, Argyllshire
Hugh McCown & Margaret McInnes
with son Donald and Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre and their children

Name: Hugh Mccowan
Age: 80
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1761
Gender: Male
Where born: Argyll, Scotland
   
Civil parish: Kilninver
County: Argyll
Occupation: Farmer
Parish Number: 524
Household Members:
Name Age
Hugh Mccowan 80
Margaret Mccowan 70
Donald Mccowan 25
Jiles Mccowan 25
Duncan Mccowan 2
Mary Mccowan 5 MO
William Russel 15

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver; ED: 4; Page:  1; Line: 900; Roll:  ; Year: 1841. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1841 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: 1841 Scotland Census. Edinburgh, Scotland: General Register Office for Scotland. Reels 1-151. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1841 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 6 June 1841. The following information was requested: name, age, gender, profession, and birthplace.

William Russel's occupation is "Agricultural Labourer".

 

1851 ..........

1851 Scotland Census - Kilninver, Argyllshire
Margaret McInnes, son Donald McCowan and his wife and family

Name: Margt Cowan
Age: 82
Estimated birth year: abt 1769
Relationship: Mother
Gender: Female
Where born: Kilninver, Argyll
Parish Number: 524
Civil Parish: Kilninver
County: Argyll
Address: Park
Occupation: Mother
ED: 2
Page: 9
Household schedule number: 40
LINE: 7
Roll: CSSCT1851_111
Household Members:
Name Age
Donald Cowan 34
Lilias Cowan 37
Duncan Cowan 12
Mary Cowan 10
Donald Cowan 18
John Cowan 2
Margt Cowan 82
John M Lachlan 22
Nancy Mckinnon 18

Source Citation Parish: Kilninver; ED: 2; Page: 9; Line: 7; Roll: CSSCT1851_111; Year: 1851 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Lilias is Jiles. Donald's age should be 4 (not 18). John M. Lachlan and Nancy McKinnon are servants

Map showing location of Park
Map showing location of Park

 

1857 ..........

Donald McCowan

Donald McCowan (son of Hugh McCowan and Margaret McInnes ) died at Park on Nov 11, 1857 in Kilninver at the age of 47.


Monumental Inscriptions - Kilninver Old Cemetery

Donald McCowan
Late Tacksman of Corylorn
Died November 11, 1857, Aged 47 years
And Mary, His Daughter,
Died March 24, 1866, Aged 19 years

 

See also Memorial Inscriptions from Kilninver Old Cemetery

 

1859 ..........

Margaret McInnes

Margaret McInnes McCowan (daughter of Duncan McInnes and Mary Cameron) died on Aug 13, 1859, in Kilninver at the age of 92. Duncan McCowan, grandson, was the informant.

 

1861 ..........

1861 Scotland Census - Kilninver, Argyllshire
Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre McCowan and children

Name: Giles Mccowan
Age: 47
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1814
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: Kilninver, Argyllshire
Registration number: 524/1
Registration District: Kilninver
Civil Parish: Kilninver
County: Argyll
Address: Park
Occupation: Farmers Widow
ED: 2
Household Schedule Number: 12
Line: 3
Roll: CSSCT1861_70
Household Members:
Name Age
Giles Mccowan 47
Duncan Mccowan 21
Dugd Mccowan 17
Dond Mccowan 14
John Mccowan 12
Peter Mccowan 10
Alexr Mccowan 8
Mche Mccowan 6

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver; ED: 2; Page: 2; Line: 3; Roll: CSSCT1861_70. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

"Mche" is Archibald

 

1871 ..........

1871 Scotland Census - Kilninver, Argyllshire
Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre McCowan and children

Name: Jullia Mccowan
Age: 57
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1814
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: Kilninver, Argyllshire
Registration number: 524/1
Registration District: Kilninver
Civil Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelfort
County: Argyll
Address: 1 Park
Occupation: Farmer's Widdow
ED: 1
Household Schedule Number: 36
Line: 2
Roll: CSSCT1871_91
Household Members:
Name Age
Jullia Mccowan 57
Hugh Mccowan 27
Archd Mccowan 16
Ann McFarlan 29
Alexr McAdam 13

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelfort; ED: 1; Page: 9; Line: 2; Roll: CSSCT1871_91. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - Corrielorne, Kilninver, Argyllshire
Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre McCowan and children

Name: Gilles McCowan
Age: 66
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1815
Relationship: Head
Where born: Kilninver G, Argyll
Registration number: 524/1
Registration District: Kilninver
Civil Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelford
County: Argyll
Address: Corrylorre Farm House
Occupation: Farmer'S Widow
ED: 2
Household Schedule Number: 1
Line: 1
Roll: cssct1881_154
Household Members:
Name Age
Gilles McCowan 66
Hugh McCowan 36
Archd McCowan 24
Mary McMaster 21
Donald McCowan 6

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelford; ED: 2; Page: 1; Line: 1; Roll: cssct1881_154. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Hugh McCowan (Giles son) is a shepard. Donald is Giles grandson.

The public road from Melfort, emerging from the pass, skirts the side of the River Oude for some miles, and at Blaran the entrance to the Corrie of Lorn is passed. A lonely mountain lake, Loch Tralaig, from which the Oude takes its rise, occupies the basin of the glen: the sloping hills surrounding it are known as the Braes of Lorn. From Blaran the road rapidly descends through a delightfully wooded ravine, called Glengallan, to the valley of Euchar, occupied by a river of the same name, which, after a meandering course of 3 miles, enters the sea at Kilninver, close to the mouth of Loch Feochan. - from Netherlorn, Argyllshire and its Neighbourhood, Patrick H. Gillies, 1909

 

1891 ..........

1891 Scotland Census - Corrielorn, Kilninver, Argyllshire
Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre McCowan and children

Name: Jilles McCowan
Age: 76
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1815
Relationship: Head
Where born: Kilninver, Argyll
Registration number: 524/1
Registration District: Kilninver
Civil Parish: Kilninver
County: Argyll
Address: Connlorn
Occupation: Farmer
ED: 2
Household Schedule Number: 10
Line: 19
Roll: CSSCT1891_169
Household Members:
Name Age
Jilles McCowan 76
Hugh McCowan 45
Archibald McCowan 34
Donald McCowan 17
Catherine McIntyre 68
Mary Brown 18

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver; ED: 2; Page: 2; Line: 19; Roll: CSSCT1891_169. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Corrielorne Farm just to the North of Loch Tralaig, Kilninver, Argellshire, 1897
Corrielorne Farm just to the North of Loch Tralaig, Kilninver, Argellshire, 1897

 

1900 ..........

Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre

Cicilia "Jiles" McIntyre McCowan died on Jan 8, 1900, in Kilninver at the age of 88. The informant was her son Hugh.

 

1901 ..........

1901 Scotland Census - Corrielorn, Kilninver, Argyllshire
Hugh McCowan (son of Donald McCowan and Jiles McIntyre)

Name: Hugh Mccowan
Age: 58
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1843
Relationship: Head
Gender: Male
Where born: Kilninver, Argyll
Registration number: 524/1
Registration District: Kilninver
Civil Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelford
County: Argyll
Address: Carry Corn
Occupation: Farmer
ED: 2
Household Schedule Number: 1
Line: 1
Roll: CSSCT1901_181
Household Members:
Name Age
Hugh Mccowan 58
Archibald Mccowan 46
Duncan Mcintyre 48
Cathrine A Mcphee 27
Fergahar Stewart 30
Agnes Mcphee 57

Source Citation: Parish: Kilninver and Kilmelford; ED: 2; Page: 1; Line: 1; Roll: CSSCT1901_181. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

 

1911 ..........

1911 Scotland Census - Corrielorn, Kilninver, Argyllshire
Hugh McCowan (son of Donald McCowan and Jiles McIntyre)


Hugh McCowan (69), Archibald McCowan (55), Katie MacPhee (36) and Duncan MacPhee (34)
See original document

 

1923 ..........

Hugh McCowan

Hugh McCowan (son of Donald McCowan and Jiles McIntyre) died on Feb 19, 1923, at the age of 81.

 

John McCowan &

Catherine McCormick
Born: Oct 10, 1808 Born: Oct 23, 1820
Place: Blarin, Kilninver, Argyllshire Place:  Iona, Argyllshire
Married: Aug 21, 1849
Place: Acharacle, Ardnamurchan, Argyll
Died: Jan 4, 1889 Died: May 25, 1871
Place: Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire Place: Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
Buried: Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire Buried: Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire

Hugh McCowan & Ciliscia "Selina" Blythe | John McCowan & Dorothy Elizabeth Cooke

Catherine McCormick's parents were John McCormick (Schoolmaster, Catchean, Isle of Mull and Session Clerk for the Church at Iona)  and Mary Macdonald. Her birth was registered on Dec 9, 1820 in Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon Parish on the Isle of Mull and later on Iona. She was the first of ten children. John McCormicks parents were Dugald McCormick and Catherine McInnes. Mary Macdonalds parents were Captain Coll Macdonald (owner of the sloop Mary Anne of Greenock) and Janet McCormick. Janet McCormick's parents were Neil McCormick and Ann Livingston. - from Mull Genealogy

See The McCormick Family

Map showing Iona, Catchan and Kilvicnen, John Thompson's Atlas of Scotland, 1832
Map showing Iona, Catchan, Creich and Kilvicnen (in Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon Parish), John Thompson's Atlas of Scotland, 1832

John McCowan first married Margaret Hossack on Sept 22, 1844, in Aharacle, the Parish of Ardnamurchan. Margaret's father was James Hossack (no further information).

John McCowan teacher in the Parish of Ardnamurchan & Margaret Hossack residing there.
John McCowan teacher in the Parish of Ardnamurchan & Margaret Hossack residing there.
See
original document

John McCowan and Catherine McCormick were married Aug 21, 1849. The marriage was registered in  Ardnamurchan and Iona. They had at least seven children: Hugh (born 1850-1851); John (born 1853); Dugald (born 1854); Alexander (born 1856); Mary Anne (born 1858); and Catherine and Janet "Jessie"  (twins born 1857).


John McCowan Parish Schoolmaster Ardnamurchan and Catharine daughter of John McCormick Schoolmaster Catchean Island of Mull were married on the 21st day of August 1849 By the Rev Alexander McGregor Parliamentary Minister of Iona. See original document


Mr. John McCowan Schoolmaster Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan and Catharine McCormick elder daughter of Mr. John McCormick Schoolmaster Creich Ross Mull were married by Rev Alexander McGregor Minister of Iona. See original document

Children Born Place Died Place
HUGH 1850-1851 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire Nov 28, 1880 Blythewood, Glasgow
John 1853 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire May 26, 1909 St. Andrew, Edinburgh
Dugald 1854 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire Oct 11, 1910 Kilmore & Kilbride, Argyllshire
Alexander Jan 4, 1856 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire April 24, 1895 (MI) Johannesburg, South Africa
Mary Anne Jan 5, 1858 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire    
Catharine Feb 20, 1860 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire March 22, 1902 (MI) Springfontein, South Africa
Janet Stewart Feb 20, 1860 Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire Feb 10, 1941 Lochgilphead, Argyll & Bute

"ARDNAMURCHAN, a parish, partly in the county of Argyll, and partly in the county of Inverness; comprising the quoad sacra districts of Aharacle and Strontian, and containing 5581 inhabitants. The present parish of Ardnamurchan, previously to the Reformation, was distributed into three separate parishes, comprehending the five districts of Ardnamurchan, Sunart, Moidart, Arasaig, and South Morir. These districts still remain as distinct portions, and from the first the parish takes its name, signifying "the promontory" or "heights of the great sea." This term was originally applied with great propriety, the district of Ardnamurchan being nearly a peninsular promontory, thrusting itself out from the mainland to a considerable extent, into the waters of the Atlantic Ocean... The principal Harbours along the coast are, the bay of Glenmore, on the south of Ardnamurchan, affording good anchorage; that of Kilchoan, a small harbour on the same coast, furnishing the chief point of communication with Tobermory; and, on the north coast of Ardnamurchan, at Ardtoe, a small bay, where inferior craft may find a safe retreat. At the island of Shona, north of Kintra bay, also, and in the opening of Loch Moidart, are several creeks with good anchorage, the resort of boats from the southern highlands, in the season for cod-fishing; and in Loch Sunart are the harbour of Strontian, and the creek of Salin, at which latter a pier has been built... There is a post-office at Strontian, with a daily post; also one at Arasaig, with a delivery three times weekly; and a third at Kilchoan, communicating, by a messenger, with Strontian, twice each week. A road runs from Arasaig, by Glenfinnan, to Fort-William and the Caledonian canal, and another from Strontian to Corran Ferry, by each of which cattle and sheep are driven to the southern markets. The principal communication, however, is by steam-vessels from Glasgow, which touch at the point of Arasaig, and at Tobermory, a sea-port, in the northern extremity of the island of Mull, about five miles south from the harbour of Kilchoan, in Ardnamurchan. A fair is held at Strontian, in May, and another in October, for cattle and sheep; and there is also a cattle and sheep fair at Arasaig...  The parochial school, situated at Kilchoan, affords the ordinary instruction; the master has a salary of £25. 13. 3., with £10 fees, and a house, garden, and two acres of land, the whole valued at £7. " - from A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland by Samuel Lewis, 1846

John McCowan was the Parish Schoolmaster at Kilchoan from at least 1850 to 1881.

Map of Argyllshire showing Ardnamrchan and Ormaigs, John Thomson, 1832
Map of Argyllshire showing Ardnamrchan and Ormaigs, John Thomson, 1832
Kilchoan is located at the head of the bay to the east of Ormaigs

1851 ..........

1851 Scotland Census - Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
John McCowan & Catherine McCormick

Name: John Mccowan
Age: 42
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1809
Relationship: Head
Spouse's Name: Catharine Mccowan
Gender: Male
Where born: Kilninver, Argyll
Parish Number: 505
Civil parish: Ardnamurchan
County: Argyll
Address: Kilchoan
Occupation: Parish Schoolmaster
ED: 1A
Household schedule number: 60
Line: 18
Roll: CSSCT1851_108
Household Members:
Name Age
John Mccowan 42
Catharine Mccowan 30
Hugh Mccowan 10 MO
Donald Mccormick 15
Anne Mccormick 13

Source Citation: Parish: Ardnamurchan; ED: 1A; Page:  18; Line: 13; Roll: 1284; Year: 1851. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1851 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1851 Scotland Census. Reels 1-217. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1851 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 30/31 March 1851. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Donald and Anne are Catherine's little brother and sister.

1861 ..........

1861 Scotland Census - Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
John McCowan & Catherine McCormick

Name: John McCowan
Age: 52
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1809
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Catharine McCowan
Gender: Male
Where born: Kilninver, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 505/4
Registration district: Western Ardnamurchan
Civil parish: Ardnamurchan
County: Argyll
Address: 1 Kilchean
Occupation: Parochial Schoolmaster
ED: 3
Household schedule number: 14
Line: 13
Roll: CSSCT1861_69
Household Members:
Name Age
John McCowan 52
Catharine McCowan 40
Hugh McCowan 10
John McCowan 8
Dugald McCowan 7
Alexander McCowan 5
Mary Anne McCowan 3
Janet McCowan 1
Catharine McCowan 1
Duncan Graham 32
Janet Ferguson 18

Source Citation: Parish: Ardnamurchan; ED: 3; Page:  2; Line: 13; Roll: CSSCT1861_69; Year: 1861. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1861 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. Original data: Scotland. 1861 Scotland Census. Reels 1-150. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1861 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 7/8 April 1861. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Duncan Graham (a mason) is listed as a "Visitor". Janet Ferguson is a "domestic servant".

 

1871 ..........

1871 Scotland Census - Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
John McCowan & Catherine McCormick

Name: John Mccowan
Age: 62
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1809
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Catherine Mccowan
Gender: Male
Where born: Kilngver, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 505/4
Registration district: Western Ardnamurchan
Civil parish: Ardnamurchan
County: Argyll
Address: Richoan Parish Schaolhouse
Occupation: Parochial Schoolmaster
ED: 3
Household schedule number: 9
Line: 3
Roll: CSSCT1871_89
Household Members:
Name Age
John Mccowan 62
Catherine Mccowan 50
John Mccowan 18
Alexander Mccowan 15
Mary Anne Mccowan 13
Jessie Mccowan 11
Catherine Mccowan 11
Catharine Mccallum 19

Source Citation: Parish: Ardnamurchan; ED: 3; Page:  2; Line: 4; Roll: CSSCT1871_89; Year: 1871. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Catharine McCallum is listed as a "Servant". "Jessie" would be Janet.

Map showing Kilchoan, Ordnance Survey of Scotland, 1875
Map showing Kilchoan, Ordnance Survey of Scotland, 1875

1871 Scotland Census - Blythswood, Glasgow Barony
Hugh McCowan was a lodger in the Blythe Family home

Name: Hugh Mccowan
Age: 20
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1851
Relationship: Lodger
Gender: Male
Where born: Arduamurcham, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 644/6
Registration district: Blythswood
Civil parish: Glasgow Barony
County: Lanarkshire
Address: 19
Occupation: Socting Clerk
ED: 63
Household schedule number: 71
Line: 10
Roll: CSSCT1871_134
Household Members:
Name Age
Ann Blyth 44
Seliner H Blyth 44
Isabella Blyth 11
William Blyth 8
Stephen Blyth 6
Hugh Mccowan 20
William Mcivor 22
Archibell Lightbody 24
Andrew Yuill 21
John Yuill 23
John Letton 20
John Jomes 29

Source Citation: Parish: Glasgow Barony; ED: 63; Page:  10; Line: 6; Roll: CSSCT1871_134; Year: 1871. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1871 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1871 Scotland Census. Reels 1-191. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1871 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 2/3 April 1871. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

"Seliner H, Blyth" is Selina Blythe age 14 with occupation as "Dressmaker".

 

Catherine McCormick

Catherine McCormick died on May 25, 1871, in Kilchoan of "pulmonary consumption", at the age of 50.

 

1878 ..........

Hugh McCowan & Ciliscia Blyth

Hugh McCowan, Post Office Clerk, married Ciliscia (Selina) Blyth on Aug 20, 1878, in Blytheswood, Glasgow.

Hugh McCowan & Ciliscia Blyth

 

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
John McCowan and his children

Name: John McCowan
Age: 71
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1810
Relationship: Head
Gender: Male
Where born: Kilninver G, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 505/4
Registration district: Western Ardnamurchan
Civil parish: Ardnamurchan
County: Argyll
Address: Kilchoan
Occupation: Retired Schoolmaster
ED: 3
Household schedule number: 12
Line: 9
Roll: cssct1881_149
Household Members:
Name Age
John McCowan 71
John McCowan 28
Alexander McCowan 25
Janet McCowan 21
Catharine McCowan 21

Source Citation: Parish: Ardnamurchan; ED: 3; Page:  3; Line: 9; Roll: cssct1881_149; Year: 1881. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

John McCowan, Jr.'s occupation was listed as "Divinity Student", Alexander as an "Arts Student", Janet ("Jessie") is a "Dressmaker" and Catharine as a "Side School Teacher".

1884 ..........

John McCowan & Dorothy Elizabeth Cooke

John McCowan, Jr. married Dorothy Elizabeth Cooke on June 6, 1884, in North Leith, Edinburgh.

 

1889 ..........

John McCowan

John McCowan, Sr. died on Jan 4, 1889, in Kilchoan at the age of 80.

"I'm just back from my much needed break in the peace and tranquility of Ardnamurchan. As requested, I managed to find John McCowan and Catherine McCormick's grave and memorial stone in the old Kilchoan Cemetery. It's a lovely location, on a hillside, facing south looking over Kilchoan Bay to the Sound of Mull and the Isle of Mull beyond. The stone is very weathered and covered with lichen, so difficult to make out the inscription, however there's enough visible to be sure it was the right one. Pictures attached, including one of the old ruined church, parts of which are 13th century. There is a little book called "Ardnamurchan - Annals of the Parish" and John McCowan gets a mention in it. He must have been very well thought of, as the people of Kilchoan put up the memorial stone." - Lindsay Russell, Oct 2, 2011

An Ardnamurchan Schoolmaster

1891 ..........

1891 Scotland Census - Moray, Cromdale & Advie
John McCowan, Jr. & Dorothy Elizabeth Cooke

Name: John McCowan
Age: 33
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1858
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Dorothea E McCowan
Gender: Male
Where born: Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 128B/1
Registration district: Cromdale and Advie
Civil parish: Cromdale and Advie
County: Moray
Address: House of Cromdale
Occupation: Minister of Cromdale Parish
ED: 1
Household schedule number: 1
Line: 1
Roll: CSSCT1891_36
Household Members:
Name Age
John McCowan 33
Dorothea E McCowan 41
Francis G Stanley 13
Margaret Mackenzie 18
Mary Ann Grant 19
James Jack 29

Source Citation: Parish: Cromdale and Advie; ED: 1; Page:  1; Line: 1; Roll: CSSCT1891_36; Year: 1891. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Francis Stanley is John's stepson. Margaret Mackenzie is a "housemaid', Mary Ann Grant is a "general servant" and James Jack is a "farm servant".

Dugald McCowan (36), Troop Corporal Major, Royal Horse Guards, was in The Cavalry Barracks Hospitals Military Prison in New Windsor Clewer, Berkshire, England in the 1891 Census. See original document

1891 Scotland Census - Blythswood, Glasgow Barony
Mary Anne McCowan

Name: Mary A McCowan
Age: 29
Estimated birth year: abt 1862
Relationship: Boarder
Gender: Female
Where born: Ardnamurchan, Argyleshire
Registration Number: 644/7
Registration district: Blythswood
Civil Parish: Glasgow Barony
County: Lanarkshire
Address: 1 Hill St
Occupation: Living on Priv: Means
ED: 45
Household schedule number: 1
LINE: 6
Roll: CSSCT1891_268
Household Members:
Name Age
Elspeth Reid 48
John Reid 18
Alexander Reid 14
Francis Reid 12
Mary Johnston 38
Mary A McCowan 29
David Wainfeld 38
Erskine K Smith 21
James W Chalmers 24

Source Citation Parish: Glasgow Barony; ED: 45; Page: 1; Line: 6; Roll: CSSCT1891_268 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

We have no further information on Mary Anne, but there was a Miss M.A. McCowan, 35, who departed from Liverpool to Halifax, Canada, aboard the Numidian on Nov 29, 1894.
 

1895 ..........

Alexander McCowan

Alexander McCowan, their son
Died at Johannesburg 24 April 1895 aged 39 years

See Old Kilchoan Cemetery

1901 ..........

1901 Scotland Census - Moray, Cromdale & Advie
John McCowan, Jr. & Dorothy Elizabeth Cooke

Name: John McCowan
Age: 48
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1853
Relationship: Head
Spouse's name : Porathea E McCowan
Gender: Male
Where born: Ardnamurchan, Argyllshire
Registration Number: 128/1
Registration district: Cromdale and Advie
Civil parish: Cromdale
County: Moray
Address: The Manse
Occupation: Minister Of Cromdale Parish
ED: 1
Household schedule number: 1
Line: 1
Roll: CSSCT1901_38
Household Members:
Name Age
John McCowan 48
Porathea E McCowan 51
Jessie S McCowan 41
Jessie Fraser 23

Source Citation: Parish: Cromdale; ED: 1; Page:  1; Line: 4; Roll: CSSCT1901_38; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Jessie S. is Janet Stewart McCowan. Jessie Fraser is a "servant".

 
1902 ..........

Catharine McCowan

1899-1902 Nursing Sister McCowan, REF Camp Hospital
1899-1902 Nursing Sister McCowan, REF Camp Hospital
Photo courtesy Shane Spargo

Catherine McCowan (daughter of John McCowan and Catherine McCormick and Hugh McCowan's sister) died on March 22, 1902, and is interred in the military cemetery in Springfontein, South Africa. She was 42 years of age and was in the Army Nursing Service.

In 1881 the Army Nursing Service (ANS) was formed. Nurses wore military uniform and were employed directly to care for military patients. The ANS, although nominally a military formation was not an established part of the Army and did not sit within any of the directorates of the War Office. Army Nursing sisters served in support of many of the campaigns that took place between the Crimean War and the Boer War. - from British Army Nurses

During the Second Boer War/Anglo-Boer War, there was a British concentration camp in the district. Five hundred and sixty eight people of all ages are recorded in the Springfontein Grave Register as having died there between April the fourth and the end of 1901.[5] Their graves can be seen in the concentration camp cemetery. - Wikipedia

Situated at the town of Springfontein, 140 kilometres south of Bloemfontein, it is the only cemetery from that war where one finds the graves of British soldiers intermixed with the graves of the women and children who died in the concentration camp. The concentration camp policy was implemented in the second half of the war and resulted in 42 concentration camp cemeteries in South Africa. Only at Springfontein is the burial plot shared between deceased British soldiers and Boer civilians... Near the gate one finds the soldiers' graves, en masse, dating from October 1899 to January 1901. The first graves for women and children begin to appear, amongst those of the soldiers, at about February 1901. Towards December 1901 one finds very few soldiers' graves and many graves of women and children. The bottom end of the cemetery (January 1902 - May 1902) is filled exclusively with women and children. Added to the top right hand corner of the work are the 37 graves of unbaptised children under the age of six months, buried under suspicious circumstances four kilometres away on the outskirts of the town. - From WillemBoshoff, How to Win A War

See The Anglo-Boer War, A Welsh Hospital in South Africa

 

1909 ..........

John McCowan

John McCowan, Jr. (son of John McCowan and Catherine McCormick) died on May 26, 1909 in St. Andrew, Edinburgh, at the age of 57. He was the Minister for Cromdale Parish.

 

1910 ..........

Dugald McCowan

Dugald McCowan (son of John McCowan and Catherine McCormick) died on Oct 11, 1910 in Kilmore and Kilbride, Argyllshire at the age of 56. Donald Graham, cousin, was the informant. He indicated that Dugald was a "Regimental Corporal Major in the Royal Horse Guards (Army Pensioner)".

 

1941 ..........

Janet Stewart McCowan

Janet Stewart McCowan died on Feb 10, 1941 in Lochgilphead, Argyll & Bute at the age of 81.

 

Hugh McCowan &

Ciliscia "Selina" Blyth
Born: 1850 Born: Aug 8, 1856
Place: Kilchoan, Ardnamurchan, Agryllshire Place: Lawers, Monzievaird and Strowan, Perthshire
Married: Aug 20, 1878
Place: Blytheswood, Glasgow
Died: Nov 28, 1880 Died: Aug 1, 1903
Place: Blytheswood, Glasgow Place: Paisley, Renfrewshire
Buried: Blytheswood, Glasgow Buried: Paisley, Renfrewshire?

See The Blyth Family

Selina and Hugh were married on Aug 20, 1878, in Blytheswood, Glasgow. They had one child: John (born June 9, 1879).

Children Born Place Died Place
JOHN June 9, 1879 Blythswood, Glasgow Jan, 1952 London, Ontario, Canada

Hugh McCowan died of Typhoid Fever Nov 28, 1880, in Blythswood, Glasgow, at the age of 29. See the Estate Inventory for Hugh McCowan. Selina went by the name Selina Maria Williamson Blythe. Her father was the Gardner at Moncreiffe House for Sir Thomas Moncreiffe. Family oral history says she was a very successful dressmaker, "You didn't go to town without a gown by Rho (?) McCowan".

1881 ..........

1881 Scotland Census - Blythswood, Glasgow Barony
Selina Blyth and her son John

Name: Selina M W McCowan
Age: 24
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1857
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: Monzievard, Perthshire
Registration Number: 644/7
Registration district: Blythswood
Civil parish: Glasgow Barony
County: Lanarkshire
Address: 40 Buccleuch St
Occupation: Dressmaker (Employing) 9 Females
ED: 52
Household schedule number: 54
Line: 22
Roll: cssct1881_231
Household Members:
Name Age
Selina M W McCowan 24
John McCowan 1
Margaret McGrady 26

Source Citation: Parish: Glasgow Barony; ED: 52; Page:  9; Line: 22; Roll: cssct1881_231; Year: 1881. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1881 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1881 Scotland Census. Reels 1-338. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1881 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 3/4 April 1881. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Margaret McGrady's occupation is listed as "Servant".

1891 ..........

1891 Scotland Census - Paisley, Renfrewshire

Name: Selnia M McCowan
Age: 34
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1857
Relationship: Head
Gender: Female
Where born: Monyiesard, Perth
Registration Number: 573
Registration district: Paisley
Civil parish: Paisley Middle Church
County: Renfrewshire
Address: 5 County Place
Occupation: Dress & Mantle Maker
ED: 33
Household schedule number: 119
Line: 6
Roll: CSSCT1891_189
Household Members:
Name Age
Selnia M McCowan 34
Eliza Graham 45

Source Citation: Parish: Paisley Middle Church; ED: 33; Page:  26; Line: 6; Roll: CSSCT1891_189; Year: 1891. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1891 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1891 Scotland Census. Reels 1-409. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1891 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 5/6 April 1891. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Eliza Graham's occupation is "Domestic Servant".

 

From the Paisley Directory, 1894-1895
Advertisement from the Paisley Directory, 1894-1895
Mrs. McCowan, 5 County Place,  is listed in the directory as a "dressmaker"

 

1895 ..........

Alexander McCowan

Alexander McCowan (son of John McCowan and Catherine McCormick and Hugh's brother) died on April 24, 1895, in Johannesburg, South Africa at the age of 39.
 

1899 ..........

The Second Boer War

According to family stories, John McCowan served in the Boer War. There are records of a J McCowan who served with the 2nd Battalion Scottish Rifles from 1899-1902 (regimental # 6128) who received the Queen's South Africa Medal and the South Africa 1901 Clasp, a J. McCowan who served with the 2nd Life Guards 1899-1902 (regimental # 2050), and a John McCowan who served with the 2nd Battalion Seaforth Highlanders 1899-1902 (regimental # 2599).

On the 9th October 1899, the 2nd Battalion received orders to mobilise for service in South Africa. The war started three days later, when the Boers (descendants of Dutch settlers) invaded Natal. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th Battalions of The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) served in the war, in addition to providing a section of mounted infantry which grew into a company of Gough’s Mounted Infantry. The 2nd Battalion was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Cooke and formed part of the 4th Brigade of the 2nd Division. Comprising 25 officers and 936 men, the Battalion arrived at Durban on the 21st November. The 4th Brigade played a supportive role in an attack on Colenso, covering the withdrawal of the 2nd Brigade, commanded by Sir Redvers Buller, who suffered over 1,100 casualties. The 2nd Battalion played a vital role in the Battle of Spion Kop on the 23rd and 24th January 1900. Spion Kop was the largest hill in the region, and its capture represented a significant victory over the Boers and a step towards relieving besieged British forces in Ladysmith. Over 1,700 of the defeated British forces were killed or wounded, including 26 dead and 61 wounded from the Scottish Rifles. After reaching Ladysmith, the next stage of the campaign was to take Natal, the Transvaal and Pretoria. Following this, there was a period of guerrilla warfare by the Boers, during which the Scottish Rifles were stationed at Greylingstad Kopje, guarding important lines of communication. On leaving the area on 19th September 1901, the Battalion left their mark in the form of the letters ‘S.R.’ built in stone on the hillside. - from The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

See also Boer War Cameronians

The Second Boer War
 

Boer Guerillas during the Second Boer War
Boer Guerillas during the Second Boer War

 

"The Second War (1899-1902), by contrast, was a lengthy war—involving large numbers of troops from many British possessions—which ended with the conversion of the Boer republics into British colonies (with a promise of limited self-government). These colonies later formed part of the Union of South Africa. The British fought directly against the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, defeating their forces first in open warfare and then in a long and bitter guerrilla campaign. British losses were high due to both disease and combat. The policies of "scorched earth" and civilian internment (adopted by the British to prevent support for the Boer guerrilla campaign) ravaged the civilian populations in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State." - from Wikipedia

 

Map showing Cape Colony and Orange Free State c. 1900
Map showing Cape Colony and Orange Free State c. 1900

Map showing Orange Free State and Durban on the coast of Natal
Map showing Orange Free State and Durban on the coast of Natal

Free State Boers Cross Into Cape Colony

Free State Boers Cross Into Cape Colony
Concentrating their forces at Bethulie and Springfontein
The San Francisco Call, 06 Nov 1899

 

1900 ..........

Gandhi with the stretcher-bearers of the Indian Ambulance Corps during the Boer War, South-Africa
Gandhi with the stretcher-bearers of the Indian Ambulance Corps during the Boer War, South-Africa
Gandhi is in the center row, fifth from the left

1901 ..........

Concentration Camps

28 February, Concentration camps have been established at Kromellenboog, Middelburg, Norvalspont, Springfontein, Volksrust, and Vredefort Road. At the Middelburg conference between Supreme Commander Lord Kitchener and Commandant-General Louis Botha, Kitchener comments to Lord Roberts, now Commander-in Chief at the War Office in London: "They [referring to the Burghers S.K.] evidently do not like their women being brought in and I think it has made them more anxious for peace." The conference is discussing terms of a possible peace treaty. Sir Alfred Milner leaves Cape Town for Johannesburg to take up his duties as administrator of the 'new colonies'. - from South African History Online

Emily Hobhouse (9 April 1860 – 8 June 1926) was a British welfare campaigner, who is primarily remembered for bringing to the attention of the British public, and working to change, the deprived conditions inside the British administered concentration camps in South Africa built to incarcerate Boer women and children during the Second Boer War... When the Second Boer War broke out in South Africa in October 1899, a Liberal MP, Leonard Courtney, invited Hobhouse to become secretary of the women's branch of the South African Conciliation Committee, of which he was president... She had persuaded the authorities to let her visit several camps and to deliver aid—her report on conditions at the camps, set out in a report entitled “Report of a Visit to the Camps of Women and Children in the Cape and Orange River Colonies”, was delivered to the British government in June 1901. As a result, a formal commission was set up and a team of official investigators headed by Millicent Fawcett was sent to inspect the camps. Overcrowding in bad unhygienic conditions due to neglect and lack of resources were the causes of a mortality rate that in the eighteen months during which the camps were in operation reached a total of 26,370, of which 24,000 were children under sixteen and infants, i.e. the rate at which the children died was some 50 a day.

- Wikipedia

She visited camps at Norvalspont, Aliwal North, Springfontein, Kimberley and Orange River.

 

1901 Scotland Census - Paisley, Renfrewshire
Selina McCowan and her mother Anne Rintoul Blythe

Name: Selina M Mccowan
[Selina M Blyth] 
Age: 44
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1857
Relationship: Head
Mother's name: Annie B Blyth
Gender: Female
Where born: Moundaird, Perthshire
Registration Number: 573/1
Registration district: Paisley
Civil parish: Paisley
County: Renfrewshire
Address: 5 County Pl
Occupation: Dress Maker
ED: 46
Household schedule number: 168
Line: 16
Roll: CSSCT1901_207
Household Members:
Name Age
Selina M Mccowan 44
Annie B Blyth 74
Annie Matheson 21

Source Citation: Parish: Paisley; ED: 46; Page:  41; Line: 16; Roll: CSSCT1901_207; Year: 1901. Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1901 Scotland Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Scotland. 1901 Scotland Census. Reels 1-446. General Register Office for Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland. Description: The 1901 Census for Scotland was taken on the night of 31 March/1 April 1901. The following information was requested: place, name, relationship to head of family, marital status, age, gender, profession, birthplace, and whether blind, deaf, and dumb.

Annie Matheson's occupation is "Domestic Servant".

1902 ..........

"I have been impressed with the tenderness and devotion of the sisters"

Cheltanham Chronicle, Saturday 04 Jan 1902
Cheltanham Chronicle, Saturday 04 Jan 1902

 

Catharine McCowan

1899-1902 Nursing Sister McCowan, REF Camp Hospital
1899-1902 Nursing Sister McCowan, REF Camp Hospital
Photo courtesy Shane Spargo

Catherine McCowan (daughter of John McCowan and Catherine McCormick and Hugh McCowan's sister) died on March 22, 1902, and is interred in the military cemetery in Springfontein, South Africa. She was 42 years of age and was in the Army Nursing Service.

In 1881 the Army Nursing Service (ANS) was formed. Nurses wore military uniform and were employed directly to care for military patients. The ANS, although nominally a military formation was not an established part of the Army and did not sit within any of the directorates of the War Office. Army Nursing sisters served in support of many of the campaigns that took place between the Crimean War and the Boer War. - from British Army Nurses

During the Second Boer War/Anglo-Boer War, there was a British concentration camp in the district. Five hundred and sixty eight people of all ages are recorded in the Springfontein Grave Register as having died there between April the fourth and the end of 1901.[5] Their graves can be seen in the concentration camp cemetery. - Wikipedia

Situated at the town of Springfontein, 140 kilometres south of Bloemfontein, it is the only cemetery from that war where one finds the graves of British soldiers intermixed with the graves of the women and children who died in the concentration camp. The concentration camp policy was implemented in the second half of the war and resulted in 42 concentration camp cemeteries in South Africa. Only at Springfontein is the burial plot shared between deceased British soldiers and Boer civilians... Near the gate one finds the soldiers' graves, en masse, dating from October 1899 to January 1901. The first graves for women and children begin to appear, amongst those of the soldiers, at about February 1901. Towards December 1901 one finds very few soldiers' graves and many graves of women and children. The bottom end of the cemetery (January 1902 - May 1902) is filled exclusively with women and children. Added to the top right hand corner of the work are the 37 graves of unbaptised children under the age of six months, buried under suspicious circumstances four kilometres away on the outskirts of the town. - From WillemBoshoff, How to Win A War

See The Anglo-Boer War, A Welsh Hospital in South Africa

 

1903 ..........

Ciliscia Blyth

Ciliscia (aka Selina Maria Williamson) Blyth died on Aug 1, 1903, in Paisley at the age of 46. Her son John was present. On her death certificate it indicates that her father' name was "William", but it was James Blyth.

 
1905 ..........

Mr. J. McCowan, departed from Southampton to Port Elizabeth (Algoa Bay), South Africa on Oct 14, 1905, on the ship Dover Castle of the Donald Currie & Company (Union-Castle Line) with R. Walls as ship's Master. J. McCowan was 26, single and an Engineer.

Union-Castle Line to South Africa
Union-Castle Line to South Africa

 

Union Castle Mail

S.S. Dover Castle

The Dover Castle in Cape Town, South Africa
The Dover Castle in Cape Town, South Africa

Built by Barclay Curle & Company Glasgow, Yard No 443
Last Name: HMHS DOVER CASTLE
Propulsion: steam, quadruple expansion engines, 969 nhp, 14.5 knots
Launched: Thursday, 04/02/1904
Built: 1904
Ship Type: Passenger/Cargo Vessel
Tonnage: 8271
Length: 476.4 feet
Breadth: 56.7 feet
Draught: 31.9 feet
Owner History:
Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co Ltd, London
Status: Torpedoed & Sunk - 26/05/1917

Remarks: Converted to hospital ship in WW1
Sunk by UC.67 when 50 miles north of Bone on passage Malta for Gibraltar. The first torpedo struck her, killing seven stokers. HMS CAMELON took off the wounded and crew. DOVER CASTLE's captain and a volunteer crew remained on board hoping they could save the ship but an hour later the sub struck again and she sank in three minutes. Save for the stokers killed, everyone else was saved.

See Wreck Site - Dover Castle

Union-Castle Line

Union Castle Line Advertisement

It was announced in December 1899 that a merger between Union Line and The Castle Mail Packet Co, Ltd. would take place, with Castle Line taking over the fleet. On March 8, 1900 Union-Castle Mail Steamship Co. Ltd was registered. At the time of the merger, the Union Steamship fleet included: ARAB, TROJAN, SPARTAN, MOOR, MEXICAN, SCOT, GAUL, GOTH, GREEK, GUELPH, NORMAN, BRITON, GASCON, GAIKA, GOORKKA, GERMAN, SABINE, SUSUEHANNA, GALEKA, SAXON, GALICIAN and the CELT on order. The Castle Line Mail Packet Co ships included: GARTH CASTLE, HAWARDEN CASTLE, NORHAM CASTLE, ROSLIN CASTLE, PEMBROKE CASTLE, DUNNOTTAR CASTLE, DOUNE CASTLE, LISMORE CASTLE, TANTALLON CASTLE, HARLECH CASTLE, ARUNDEL CASTLE, DUNVEGAN CASTLE, TINTAGEL CASTLE, AVONDALE CASTLE, DUNOLLY CASTLE, RAGLAN CASTLE, CARISBROOKE CASTLE, BRAEMAR CASTLE, KINFAUNS CASTLE, KILDONOAN CASTLE. Sailings from London were ended, the fleets adopted Castle Lines' lavender gray hulls with vermilion funnels and the completed CELT was launched as WALMER CASTLE.

A boom expected to follow the Boer War failed to materialize, and 15 ships were laid up at Netley in Southampton Water in 1902. Nine ships undertook the weekly mail service: SAXON, BRITON, NORMAN, WALMER CASTLE, CARISBROOKE CASTLE, DUNVEGAN CASTLE, KILDONAN CASTLE, and KINFAUS CASTLE. When the new KENILWORTH CASTLE came on line in 1904, she replaced DUNVEGAN CASTLE, which made a series of cruises to Norway, the Mediterranean and around Britain, before entering the reserve fleet at Netley, Southampton.

Lord Gladstone, the first Governor General of South Africa, traveled out in 1910 aboard WALMER CASTLE. The 1900 mail contract was extended until 1912, as the the colonies united and South African Parliament formed under the Union of South Africa. The Duke of Connaught sailed to open the new Parliament aboard BALMORAL CASTLE.

- from Union-Castle Line, A Brief Company History, by Martin Cox

 

 
1907 ..........

Miss J. Scobie (28) departed from London, England aboard the Dover Castle (Union Castle Line) on Jan 31, 1907, (for a "voyage of 49 days") with destination Algoa Bay (Port Elizabeth), South Africa.

 

John McCowan &

Janet Scobie
Born: June 9, 1879   Born: Feb 11, 1878
Place: Blythewood, Glasgow Place: Blackford, Perthshire
Married: 1905-1908
Place: South Africa
Died: Jan 22, 1952* Died: April 21, 1952*
Place: London, Ontario, Canada Place: London, Ontario, Canada
Buried: Woodland Cemetery, London, Ontario, Canada Buried: Woodland Cemetery, London, Ontario, Canada

John and his wife, Janet, are buried side-by-side in Section Q, lot 330 NE. John died on January 22, 1952 at age 72 and Janet died on April 21, 1952 at the age of 74. I have no records of Hugh or Agnes being buried here. - * from Woodland Cemetery Mausoleum & Crematorium, London, Ontario

Hugh McCowan & Agnes Fairley | William McCowan & Dorothy Lillian Marie Besserer | Mary Catherine McCowan & Mr. Stewart

See The Scobie Family

John McCowan married Janet Scobie in 1907 and probably in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. They had four children: Hugh (born March 3, 1908); Dougald (born Sept 1, 1912); William (born Sept 3, 1915); and Mary (born about 1917), all except Mary born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

Children Born Place Died Place
HUGH March 3, 1908 Port Elizabeth, South Africa May, 1993 London, Ontario, Canada
Dugald Sept 1, 1912** Port Elizabeth, South Africa Jan 2, 1962** Toronto, Ontario, Canada
William Sept 3, 1915*** Durban, South Africa June 22, 1980*** Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
Mary Catherine Nov 23, 1917* Plantation, Glasgow City* Aug 11, 1994* Chardon, Ohio, USA

* from US Social Security Applications
** from tombstone
*** from McCowan Family Tree, Ancestry.com

John McCowan fought in the Boer War in South Africa. He and Janet Scobie were married after the war ended. Janet Scobie was the housekeeper in John's mother's house. John's mother died on Aug 1, 1903, and John was in  Paisley and the informant on her death record. In 1905, John emigrated to (Cape Colony) South Africa.

"My Great Grandmother McCowan lost her husband very early, so Great Grandmother became a seamstress with her own business and did very well... Grandfather was raised by  Nanny and Grandfather fell in love with the housekeeper and were married. My Grandfather fought in the Boer War in South Africa and after the war was over then did Grandfather send for Grandmother and they were married. My father (Hugh), brothers Dougall and Bill were all born in Port Elizabeth near the Cape of Good Hope." - Catherine McCowan


Town Hall, Durban, Natal, South Africa, c 1910

 

Gandhi in South Africa

Gandhi c 1906

With the outbreak of the Boer war in 1899, Gandhiji enlisted 1100 Indians and organized the Indian Ambulance Corps for the British. Inspite of the Indian support, the Transvaal Asiatic Department continued its anti-Indian regulations. Gandhiji chose to support the British as he felt, "The authorities may not always be right but as long as the subjects owe allegiance to the state, it is their clear duty to...accord their support". Gandhiji was now the recognised leader of South Africa's Indian community. By 1901, he returned to India with his family. He travelled extensively in India and even opened a law office in Bombay. However, South African Indians refused to part with their crusader of justice. He had to return to South Africa on the request of the Indian community in 1902. By 1903, Gandhiji had begun to lead a life of considerable discipline and self-restraint. He changed his dietary habits, he was his own doctor, he embraced the Gita and he was confronting untouchability. By 1906, after undergoing many trials and tribulations of self-abnegation and eventually brahmacharya (celibacy), he had became invincible to face the South African government. Except God, Gandhiji feared nothing. 

Influenced by John Ruskin's preaching of rustic life, Gandhiji organized Phoenix Farm near Durban. Here he trained disciplined cadres on non-violent Satyagraha (peaceful self-restraint), involving peaceful violation of certain laws, mass courting of arrests, occasional hartal, (suspension of all economic activity for a particular time), spectacular marches and nurtured an indomitable spirit which would fight repression without fear. 

- from Gandhi in South Africa (1893-1914)
Read more about
The Phoenix Settlement

Satyagraha in South Africa

The first satyagraha struggle that Gandhi launched in South Africa was against the background of the passage of Asiatic Registration Act by the government of Transvaal in 1907. Realizing that his techniques of prayers and petitions had been rendered ineffectual, the tactic of passive resistance emerged as the new method of opposing. He urged the Indian community to disobey the Act and resort to picketing of the major offices like the permit offices. In 1908, in the month of January, Gandhi and other satyagrahis were jailed. Following this a movement commenced where the satyagrahis began to burn the certificates in a bonfire. In the month of September, Gandhi was arrested for the second time, this time sentenced for two months. The following year, saw Gandhi once again behind the bars for three months. It is pertinent to mention here that Gandhi founded a small colony by the name Tolstoy Farm, where his fellow satyagrahis could lead a bare existence. 

The Indian women joined the satyagraha struggle, with the pronouncement of the Supreme Court judgment that annulled all Muslim, Hindu and Zoroastrian marriages. As the women satyagrahis were arrested following their march to Newcastle, several Indian miners, under the guidance of Gandhi, decided to cross over Transvaal border, resorting to non violence means. Even Gandhi's wife Kasturba Gandhi was included among the imprisoned women satyagrahis. In the year 1913, in the month of November, fifty seven children, one hundred and twenty seven women and two thousand and thirty seven men resumed the march. 

Following the 'blood and iron' policy adopted by government of South Africa, two Christian men Pearson and C.F Andrews were sent to aid Gandhi. This initiative was taken by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, one of the most prominent Indian politicians. The Viceroy of India, Lord Harginge, criticized the policies of the South African government. Pressurized by London, negotiations commenced between South African Government and Gandhi. In an agreement that was finally arrived upon, certain concessions were made. The 13 taxes imposed on the previously indentured laborers were abolished, marriages performed according to Indian customs received legal acceptance and a domicile certificate, with the thumb impression of the holder, was adequate to permit entrance into South Africa. With a trail of significant achievements behind him, Gandhi finally returned to India in the year 1915, and within a brief span of time became the leader of the Indian Nationalism. 

- from Gandhi in South Africa

 

 
1913 ..........

Janet (35), Hugh (4) and Dugald (1) returned to England from Durban, South Africa, aboard the "German" (Union-Castle Line) on April 17, 1913.

Names and Descriptions of British Passengers, Ship German, Port of Arrival London, Date of Arrival 17 April 1913
Names and Descriptions of British Passengers, Ship German, Port of Arrival London, Date of Arrival 17 April 1913
See
original document

 

Union Castle Mail

R.M.S. German

Union-Castle Line Royal Mail Steamer "German"
Union-Castle Line Royal Mail Steamer "German"

GERMAN 1898 / GLENGORM CASTLE 1914

The GERMAN was a 6,763 gross ton passenger / cargo ship, length 440.3ft x beam 53.2ft, one funnel, two masts, speed 12 knots, accommodation for 76-1st, 105-2nd and 98-3rd class passengers. Built 1898 by Harland & Wolff, Belfast for the Union SS Co., she collided with and sank Wilson Line's s/s CORSO the same year in the River Elbe. Shortly afterward, she collided with the sailing barque SAVERNAKE with minor damage. She arrived at Capetown from Southampton on her maiden voyage on 29th Jan.1899. 1900 came under the ownership of Union-Castle Mail SS Co. In 1914 she was converted into a hospital ship with 423 beds and because of anti-German sentiment was renamed GLENGORM CASTLE.. 1921 Among the last hospital ships to be decommissioned, but apart from one mail voyage to South Africa, she continued in Government service as a troopship.In 1925 she returned to intermediate service for Union-Castle Line and in 1930 was scrapped at Rotterdam.

- from The Ships List

 

 
1916 ..........

Janet and her children must have returned to South Africa soon after as they then returned to England aboard the SS Inanda arriving into Tilbury (on the Thames) on May 29, 1916.


Names and Descriptions of British Passengers, Ship SS Inanda, Port of Arrival London, Date of Arrival 29 May 1916
See
original document

 

Charente Harrison Line

S.S. Inanda

S.S. Inanda, The Aberdeen Line, London to Natal & East Africa
S.S. Inanda, The Aberdeen Line, London to Natal & East Africa

Aberdeen Clipper Line of Packets / Aberdeen to Natal Direct Line /
John T. Rennie, Son & Co. / John T. Rennie & Sons 1845-1911 /
Harrison-Rennie Line 1911-1921

In 1904 the first above 4,000 tons gross INANDA (2) joined the fleet. The final and largest ship built for John T. Rennie and Sons was the INTABA which was completed at the end of 1910. John T. Rennie, Son & Co.'s Aberdeen Direct Line was purchased in 1911 together with their fleet of seven ships and passenger services to Natal by the Liverpool based Thos. & Jas. Harrison. Their fleet continued to sail to South Africa as the Harrison-Rennie Line, retaining vessel names beginning 'In' a tradition retained for Harrison's passenger vessels. The first vessel built for the Harrison-Rennie Line was a cargo ship named ITOMBI in 1912 and she was followed in 1913 by the only passenger ship ordered for the Harrison-Rennie Line the 114 passenger ship INGOMA.

In May 1921 the passenger service was abandoned. The Rennie name was dropped and both ships were transferred to Harrison’s London to West Indies passenger service. Two further passenger ships with Rennie names were built for the West Indies service in 1925 and 1937, the INANDA (3) and INKOSI (2). World War 2 was the end of the passenger ships for Harrison.

Thos. & Jas. Harrison

Formed in Liverpool in 1853 when the Harrison brothers, who had previously been partners in the firm of George Brown and Harrison, took over the company on the death of George Brown and renamed it Thos & Jas. Harrison. The original trade was the importation of brandy from the Charente region of France. In 1860 the company took delivery of their first two steamships and gradually disposed of their sailing ships, the last one being sold in 1889. In 1871 the Charente SS Co. was formed, managed by T & J. Harrison. John T. Rennie, Sons & Co Aberdeen Direct Line was taken over in 1911 together with their fleet of seven ships and passenger services to Natal. The Rankin, Gilmour fleet was also taken over in 1918 and the Crown Line fleet of Prentice, Service & Henderson, Glasgow in 1920. The same year, the fleet of Scrutton, Sons & Co., London was acquired. During World War I, 27 ships were lost to enemy action and a further 30 in WWII. By 1988 with the decline in British shipping, the company only owned three ships and chartered several more, but have subsequently withdrawn from shipowning.

- from the ShipsList

See Harrison Line History
See
Inanda Registry
See
Wreck Site - Inanda, 1918

 

 
1917 ..........

Janet Scobie, Mary, Dugald, Hugh, William and John McCowan c. 1917
Janet Scobie, Mary, Dugald, Hugh, William and John McCowan c. 1917

 
1919 ..........

The family returned to Scotland before coming to Canada in 1919.

John departed from Liverpool on March 3, 1919, aboard the Canadian Pacific Railway ship Grampian with destination Saint John, New Brunswick. He was a 39 year old Engineer. His family joined him in October.

Janet McCowan and her children arrived into Montreal, Quebec aboard the SS Scotian on Oct 18, 1919, to "join husband".
Janet McCowan and her children arrived into Montreal, Quebec aboard the SS Scotian on Oct 18, 1919, to "join husband".
See
original document

Canadian Pacific House Flag

Scotian

Scotian
 

Name: Scotian
Years in service: 1910-1922
Funnels: 1
Masts: 2
Aliases: Marglen (1922), Ex-Statendam (1910)
Shipping line: Allan
Ship description: Built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast, Ireland. Tonnage: 10,417. Dimensions: 515' x 59'. Twin-screw, 14 knots. Triple expansion engines. Two masts and one funnel.
History: In the Quebec and Montreal trade. Transferred to Canadian Pacific Line in 1917. Renamed: Marglen (1922). Scrapped in 1927. Ex-Statendam (1910).

Allan Line Royal Mail poster

The Allan Line / Montreal Ocean Steamship Company

The Allan Line, more properly the Montreal Ocean Steamship Company, was founded in 1854 and began sailing in 1855. They continued to sail until about 1911 when negotiations with theCanadian Pacific Line took place. The company was merged with CP and became known as the Canadian Pacific Ocean Services Limited in 1915. However, it was not until 1917 that an official announcement of the merger finally became public.

Fares in 1855 were 18 guineas outwards and $80 homewards. They sailed from Quebec at 9 A.M. every alternate Saturday and from Liverpool on Wednesdays.

Hugh and Andrew Allan, with other Canadian partners, incorporated the Montreal Steamship Company in 1854. They were the second, and fourth, of the five sons of Alexander (Sandy) Allan 1780-1854. All the Allans were involved in the shipping industry. Alexander Allan had founded the Allan Line of Sailing Ships in 1819, with regular sailings between Greenock and Quebec in the brigantine Jean, commencing June 9th 1819. Sandy Allan died March 18th 1854, before the first Montreal Steamship Company steamship Canadian, sailed from Liverpool September 16th 1854, and arrived at Quebec September 28th 1854, on her Maiden voyage.

Canadian Pacific Line / Canadian Pacific Railway Co. (CPR) /
Canadian Pacific Ocean Services (CPOS)

In 1884 the Canadian Pacific Railway Co. entered into shipowning and three steamers were built to operate Great Lakes services. These ships sailed across the Atlantic, were cut in half at Montreal, towed to Buffalo and rejoined. In 1886 regular passenger services were started between Montreal and Port Moody and in 1887 a service between Vancouver and the Orient commenced with chartered vessels, to be followed in 1891 by the company's own "Empress" ships. The Columbia and Kootenay River Navigation Co. was purchased in 1890 and this enabled CPR to enter the sternwheeler traffic of the Canadian Rockies lakes and river trade. The same year, passenger routes were established between Toronto, Montreal and Chicago. A Vancouver - Victoria service started in 1897 and in 1901 the ships and coastal services of the Canadian Pacific Navigation Co were acquired. Transatlantic passenger services commenced in 1903 when the fleet and North Atlantic interests of Elder Dempster & Co and their subsidiary Beaver Line were taken over and the following year, a regular service between Seattle and Victoria BC was inaugurated. The Bay of Funday route started in 1912 and in 1913 CPR and Allan Line started joint co-operation in victualling and stores depots and the two fleets eventually merged, but this was not formally announced until Jan. 1916. Most of CPR's fleet was requisitioned for war service in 1914 and in 1915 Canadian Pacific Ocean Services was formed to operate the combined CPR / Allan Line fleets. In 1921 the title of the operating company became Canadian Pacific Steamships Ltd. On the outbreak of war in 1939, Canadian Pacific placed all their ships at the disposal of the government and several were taken over as troopships. In the 1960s with the advent of air travel and cargo containerisation, the passenger ships were gradually sold and new container and bulk cargo vessels built.

- from the ShipsList

The McCowan family first settled in Pelly, Saskatchewan before going to London, Ontario.

 
1939 ..........

John McCowan & Janet Scobie c. 1939
John McCowan & Janet Scobie c. 1939
Photo courtesy Catherine McCowan

Janet Scobie with granddaughter Catherine McCowan c. 1939
Janet Scobie with granddaughter Catherine McCowan c. 1939
Photo courtesy Catherine McCowan

 
1952 ..........

John McCowan

John McCowan died on Jan 22, 1952, and Janet Scobie died on April 21, 1952, both in London, Ontario, Canada.

John and his wife, Janet, are buried side-by-side in Section Q, lot 330 NE. John died on January 22, 1952 at age 72 and Janet died on April 21, 1952 at the age of 74. I have no records of Hugh or Agnes being buried here. - * from Woodland Cemetery Mausoleum & Crematorium, London, Ontario

 
1962 ..........

Dugald McCowan

Dugald McCowan died on Jan 2, 1962, at the age of 50 and is buried in the Maple Cemetery, Vaughan Township, York (Toronto), Ontario.

Dugald McCowan Sept 1, 1912 - Jan 2, 1962
Dugald McCowan
Sept 1, 1912 - Jan 2, 1962
Beloved Husband of Helen Carmichael

 
1980 ..........

William Scobie McCowan

William Scobie McCowan died on June 22, 1980, in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, at the age of 65 and is buried in the Woodland Cemetery, Kitchener, Lot # 54. He was married to Dorothy Lillian Marie Besserer. She died Sept 2, 1995, in Grimsby, Ontario. - from McCowan Family Tree on Ancestry.com

 

Hugh McCowan &

Agnes Swan Fairley
Born: March 3, 1908 Born: March 24, 1912*
Place: Port Elizabeth, South Africa Place: Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Married: about 1938
Place: London, Ontario, Canada
Died: May, 1993 Died: Jan 5, 1989
Place: Sudbury, Ontario, Canada Place: Ruskin, Hillsborough, Florida, USA
Buried:  Ashes spread in Scotland Buried:

* from Scotland's People (no image)

Doreen McCowan & ? Andrews | Catharine McCowan & James Herbert Duncan | Elizabeth McCowan & ? Jamieson
John McCowan & Ruby Fudge | Janet McCowan & ? Woodley

Agnes Swan Fairley's parents were David Fairley (born about 1884) and Annie Swan Wilson (born about 1884). They were married on Dec 27, 1907, at 39 Ellis Street (Annie's address), Coatbridge, Lanarkshire, and had at least three children: John (born Sept 5, 1908); and twins Agnes Swan and Robert Wilson (born March 24, 1912).

See The Fairley Family

Hugh McCowan and Agnes Fairley were married about 1938 in London, Ontario, Canada. They moved to Sudbury where Hugh was a miner for 35 years. Hugh and Agnes had six children: Doreen; Catherine (born 1939); Elizabeth; Jean; and John and Janet (twins) (born April 21, 1945). - from Catherine McCowan and Ken Jamieson (grandson of Hugh and Agnes)

Catherine & Jean McCowan
Catherine & Jean McCowan
Photo courtesy Catherine McCowan


Catherine McCowan c. 1960
Photo courtesy Catherine McCowan

Agnes Fairley & Hugh McCowan
Agnes Fairley & Hugh McCowan
Photo courtesy Catherine McCowan

 
2012 ..........

John McCowan and Ruby Fudge
John McCowan and Ruby Fudge

Under the able leadership of our Past President, Noble John McCowan, 2011 saw us complete the move into our new Club, enhance our social activities, strengthen our liaison with other northern Shrine Clubs, and even take first prize for our participation in the Massey Fair. Thank you, Noble John. - from The Sudbury Shrine Club Scimitar

 

 
2014 ..........

In Loving Memory of John McCowan April 21, 1945 – June 8, 2014 at Health Sciences North. Beloved husband of Ruby McCowan (nee Fudge). Loving father of Janet (husband Corey Coakley) and Hugh McCowan (wife Cheryl). Cherished grandfather of Owen, Dillon, and Benjamin. Dear son of Hugh and Agnes McCowan both predeceased. Dear brother of Janet Woodley (predeceased), Elizabeth Jameison (predeceased), Doreen Andrews (predeceased), Jean McCowan (predeceased), and Catherine McCowan. Sadly missed by nieces and nephews from coast to coast and his special Naval buddy Ed MacDonald (wife Diane) of Thailand. He was a dedicated and faithful mason and shriner, who lived the values of his vows on a daily basis. Resting at the Jackson and Barnard Funeral Home 233 Larch St., Sudbury (Friends may call 2pm-5pm; 6:30pm-9pm Tuesday and after 10am Wednesday) A memorial service will be held at 6:30pm Tuesday under the auspices of the Order of the Eastern Star, Algoma Chapter #139. A Masonic service will be held 7pm Tuesday under the auspices of the Sudbury Lodge AF&AM #658. Funeral Service in the R. J. Barnard Chapel Wednesday, June 11th, 2014 at 11:30am. Cremation with entombment in the Civic Memorial Cemetery. Donations to the HSN Children’s Treatment Centre would be appreciated. - from Sudbury Obituaries, northernlife.ca

 

Catherine McCowan & James Herbert Duncan

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